5 Ways To Buy Bitcoin in Indonesia (Exchange Reviews 2020)
5 Ways To Buy Bitcoin in Indonesia (Exchange Reviews 2020)
9 Exchanges to Buy Bitcoin & Crypto in Indonesia (2020)
18 Exchanges To Buy Bitcoin In Indonesia (2020)
Bitcoin ATMs in Jakarta【Now that assets are worth more ...
Bitcoin ATM Indonesia – find bitcoin machine locations
Bitcoin ATMs in Indonesia???
Hello everyone! For the last week, I've been trying to find information on Bitcoin ATMs (BTMs) in Indonesia. I've found articles from a few years ago about new ATMs being placed by Indodax, but it seems they have been removed. The sad thing is, I can't seem to find out why? From my understanding, the Indonesian government hasn't banned Bitcoin... Perhaps there are new laws making BTC ATMs more difficult or impossible to operate. Does anyone know about what happened?
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03-02 09:24 - 'LA LA LAND' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/SAT0SHl removed from /r/Bitcoin within 30-40min
''' Good morning Bitcoin Land ;-) 🎶"I don't like Mondays tell me more"🎶, Ok! It should be crystal clear even to the most subservient minion, that this is more than a touch of FLU 🤒 and we appear to be in, the beginning of a Pandemic 😷 I know your illustrious leaders and the Orange man said not to worry, even those at the "WHO" said it was just a wee contagion... but the BATCat is out of the bag, and Captain Trips is not playing. So i hope you have been "Stacking $ats" I really do! remember every little helps. In fact that smoke you see rising in the distance is the Legacy Stock Market In addition to "Stacking $ats" I had to get a few more provisions in before the rush starts 🛒🛒. The Central Banks & FED's only option will be to print and pump trillions of FIAT, in an attempt to stimulate the reality of what you can all see. The buy pressure for Bitcoin is acute, and the exchanges cannot suppress the "Honey Badger" much longer. I won't tell you in this post what will happen in consequence to the printing "too long" , all i can say is "Stack some more $ats" and "Beware the Ides of March" "Remember" The Corona Virus lingers on the surface of cash coins/notes .......don't touch money or ATM keyboards without gloves. Meanwhile in LA LA Land There are currently 89,068 confirmed cases worldwide, including 3,045 fatalities. First cases in Dominican Republic, Czech Republic and Ireland. First coronavirus case confirmed in New York City. Washington state reports 4 new cases including 1 new death, in King County. 2 new cases confirmed in California. Berlin reports first case. Italy reports 42% jump in cases overnight to nearly 1,700 Indonesia reports first cases of Covid-19. New coronavirus cases jump sharply around the globe many infected countries reporting more cases. MotoGP of Qatar has been canceled due to coronavirus. Turkish Airlines cancels all Italy flights. France shuts down Louvre. 30 new cases in France, raising total to 130. American Airlines suspending all flights to and from Milan untill 25 April. Juventus quarantines U23 squad. Armenia closing schools for a week. British citizens and some diplomatic staff have been evacuated from the UK's embassy in Tehran. Morocco will postpone sports and cultural events. Panic buying in supermarkets. Countries reporting first cases: Armenia, Ireland, Luxembourg, Ecuador, Qatar, Monaco, Iceland, Azerbaijan, Wales, Belarus, Mexico, San Marino, Lithuania and Nigeria. First U.S death from Covid19. New cases in California, Illinois, Oregon, and Washington State (total 69). Governor of Washington State declares state of emergency. U.S. will deny entry to any foreigner who has been in Iran in the prior 14 days. Cases in Italy doubled in 2 days, 1.129 infections - 29 deaths. S.Korea 3.526 - 17. Iran 593 - 43 deaths. First deaths in Thailand and Australia. UK reports its first case of human-to-human transmission. Kuwait calls on its citizens to avoid travelling out of the country. Kenya suspends all flights from China. Australia bars travellers from Iran. Lebanon closes schools across the country for at least 1 week. Hyundai halted production at one of its factories in South Korea’s Ulsan after one worker tested positive for the coronavirus. At least 210 people in Iran are believed to have died of coronavirus, according to the BBC, citing hospital sources. 38% of Americans wouldn't buy Corona beer because of the coronavirus. FDA announces first drug shortage due to supply chain disruption. Coronavirus reappears in discharged patients. Mongolian President quarantined after 1-day visit to China after donating 30.000 sheeps. WHO raises global risk level to 'very high'. France bans large gatherings. Stock markets lost $6 trillion. ''' LA LA LAND Go1dfish undelete link unreddit undelete link Author: SAT0SHl
I'm trying to put together a list of what's coming out this year. Have this very simple list so far. Anyone care to add anything or suggest some better dates?
Latest News (most recent first) - Instant channels enable safe Lightning payments with unconfirmed funding Beta - Feb 10, 2019 - Voyager, New trading app from Uber & E-Trade execs announce launch date - Feb 9, 2019 - bumi/blockstream_satellite ruby gem for the Blockstream Satellite API - Feb 8, 2019 - New Zap Desktop 0.3.4 is out. New features, massive performance - Feb 8, 2019 - New release: @lightning desktop app v0.4.0-alpha - Feb 8, 2019 - valerio-vaccaro/Liquid-dashboard - Feb 7, 2019 - Japanese SBI Holdings will allow trading of coins - March 2019 - lnd v0.5.2-beta released - Feb 6, 2019 - Koala studios launches online LN gaming platform - Feb 6, 2019 - Independent Reserve has become the first #crypto exchange in Australia to be insured, with coverage underwritten by Lloyd's of London. - Feb 6, 2019 - Coinbase announces BTC support for their mobile (keep your own keys) wallet - Feb 6, 2019 - Blockstream published a new open source Proof of Reserves tool. - Feb 5, 2019 - RTL release v0.1.14-alpha - Feb 5, 2019 - dr-orlovsky/typhon-spec spec for new trestles side chain published - Feb 5, 2019 - Payment requests coming soon to BTCPay. - Feb 5th, 2019 - Kraken Acquires Futures Startup In Deal Worth At Least $100 Million - Feb 5th, 2019 - Next Blockchain cruise scheduled for June 9-13 - Feb 4, 2019 - Work on a GoTenna plugin to Electrum wallet in progress - Feb 4, 2019 - Bitcoin Candy Dispensers being open sourced - Feb 4, 2019 - New release of JoinMarket v0.5.3 - Feb 4, 2019 - Prime Trust won’t charge its clients to custody digital assets any longer. - Feb 4, 2019 - nodogsplash/nodogsplash wifi access using LN - Feb 3, 2019 - @tippin_me Receive tips using Lightning Network adds message feature - Feb 3, 2019 - Bitcoin-for-Taxes Bill in NH Unanimously Approved by House Subcommittee - Feb 3, 2019 - Full support for native segwit merged into bitcoinj - Feb 3, 2019 - Bitfury is partnering with financial services firm Final Frontier! - Feb 2, 2019 - Now you can open #LightningNetwork channels in @LightningJoule - Feb 2, 2019 - Integrating Blockstream’s Liquid payments on SideShift AI - Feb 1, 2019 - Wyoming legislature passes bill to recognize cryptocurrency as money - Feb 1, 2019 - Casa is open sourcing the code for the Casa Node - Feb 1, 2019 - Casa Browser Extension released - v0.5.2-beta-rc6 of lnd, full release getting very close now - Feb 1, 2019 - Tallycoin adds subscriptions and paywall features in bid to rival Patreon - Jan 31, 2019 - Static channel backup PR merged into LN - Jan 31, 2019 - The NYDFS grants another Bitlicense to ATM operator - Jan 31, 2019 - @pwuille currently proposing the “MiniScript” language to describe BTC output locking conditions for practical composition - Jan 31, 2019 - Fidelity is in the “final testing” phase for its new digital asset business - Jan 31, 2019 - Hardware wallet PR #109 just got merged so that @Trezor no longer requires user interaction for PIN - Jan 31, 2019 - CBOE, VanEck & SolidX filed a new & improved bitcoin ETF proposal. - Jan 31, 2019 - Casa Node code is now open sourced - Jan 31, 2019 - Next Bitoin halving in roughly 497 days - Jan 31, 2019 - BTCPay released 18.104.22.168 - Jan 31, 2019 - @binance now lets users purchase cryptos using Visa and Mastercard credit. - Jan 31, 2019 - Bitfury to Launch Bitcoin Operations in Paraguay - Jan 31, 2019 - Coinbase introduces very generous affiliate program - Jan 30, 2019 - DOJO Trusted Node bitcoin full node. Coming Early 2019 - Jan 30, 2019 - FastBitcoins.com Enables Cash-for-Bitcoin Exchange Via the Lightning Network - Jan 30, 2019 - TD Ameritrade says clients want cryptocurrency investment options - company plans major announcement in 'first half of 2019' - Jan 30, 2019 - Storage component of Fidelity's @DigitalAssets live, with some assets under management, @nikhileshde - Jan 29, 2019 - lightning mainnet has reached 600 BTC capacity - Jan 29, 2019 - Drivechain shows picture of Grin side chain and suggests might be ready in 2 month - Jan 29, 2019 - Lightning labs iOS neutrino wallet in testing stage now - Jan 29, 2019 - Aliant offering cryptocurrency processing free-of-charge - Jan 29, 2019 - Chainstone’s Regulator product to manage assets on the way - Jan 29, 2019 - Fidelity Investments’ new crypto custody service may officially launch in March. - Jan 29, 2019 - Gemini's becomes FIRST crypto EXCHANGE and CUSTODIAN to complete a SOC 2 Review by Deloitte - Jan 29, 2019 - Iran has lifted the ban on Bitcoin and cryptocurrency - Jan 29, 2019 - Confidential Transactions being added into Litecoin announcement - Jan 28, 2019 - http://FastBitcoins.com Enables Cash-for-Bitcoin Exchange Via the Lightning Network - Jan 28, 2019 - Germany’s largest online food delivery platform now accepts btc - Jan 27, 2019 - Launching a Bitcoin Developers School in Switzerland - Jan 27, 2019 - RTL release v0.1.13-alpha Lightning Build repository released - Jan 27, 2019 - The first pay-per-page fantasy novel available to Lightning Network. - Jan 27, 2019 - Numerous tools become available to write messages transmitted with Blockstream Satellite - Jan 26, 2019; - BTCPay 22.214.171.124 released - Jan 26,2019 - WordPress + WooCommerce + BTCPay Plugin is now live - Jan 25, 2019 - Juan Guaido has been promoting #Bitcoin since 2014 is new interim president of Venezuela - Jan 25, 2019 - Morgan Creek funds @RealBlocks - Jan 25, 2019 - Coinbase integrates TurboTax - Jan 25, 2019 - Robinhood received Bitlicense - Jan 25, 2019 - Anchor Labs launches custody - Jan 25, 2019 - NYSE Arca files w/ @BitwiseInvest for BTC ETF approval - Jan 25, 2019 - South Korea, Seoul, Busan & Jeju Island currently working to create pro crypto economic zones. - Jan 25, 2019 - valerio-vaccaro/Liquid-dashboard - Jan 25, 2019 - Bermuda to launch crypto friendly bank - Jan 25, 2019 - Mobile Bitcoin Wallet BRD Raises $15 Million, Plans for Expansion in Asia - Jan 25, 2019 - BullBitcoin rolling out alpha access of platform - Jan 25, 2019 - Electrum Wallet Release 3.3.3 - Jan 25, 2019 - Bitrefill, purchase Bitcoin and have it delivered directly over LN - Jan 25, 2019 - South Korean crypto exchange Bithumb looking to go public in USA - Jan 24, 2019 - Bitcoin Exchanges Don’t Need Money Transmitter Licenses in Pennsylvania - Jan 24, 2019 - US; New Hampshire Bill Aims to Legalize Bitcoin for State Payments in 2020 - Jan 24, 2019 - Robinhood, LibertyX Receive Licenses from New York Regulators - Jan 24, 2019 - Bakkt Bitcoin futures contract details released - Jan 24, 2019 - Blockstream CryptoFeed V3 now includes 30+ venues and 200M+ updates per day - Jan 24, 2019 - Binance Jersey – The Latest Binance European Exchange - Jan 2019
Bitfury Rolls Out Lightning Peach, Its Own Suite of Lightning Tools - Jan 24, 2019
Good news. v3.6.2 just hit the play store for Android. - Jan 24, 2019
Bitrefill - LN now accounts for more payments than alts - Jan 24, 2019
proofd.app allows you to store a checksum of a doc on the blockchain - Jan 24, 2019
487 days until bitcoin halving - Jan 23, 2019
New #GalaxyS10 coming with ‘Samsung Blockchain KeyStore’- Jan 24, 2019
Proof-of-Reserves tool for Bitcoin github.com/stevenroose/reserves - Jan 24, 2019
Lightning Network Pac-Man Arcade introduced - Jan 23, 2019
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Stellar Lumens HODL alert: 2017 Round up, Partnerships, Lumens vs. Other Cryptos
Welcome everyone! The future of Stellar Lumens is bright! Today we will look at the accomplishments of Stellar.org in 2017. . . 2017 Round Up • IBM / Stellar Partnership • Kik Messenger’s KIN coin to move from Ethereum to Stellar in 2018 • Stellar ATM introduced in Singapore • Jed McCaleb confirms IBM/Stellar has 30 banks on board (Youtube Video) • Lightyear.io enables forward thinking financial entities to easily join the Stellar ecosystem. • IBM adds 8 new validators from 8 different countries onto the Stellar network (article) • Forbes calls Stellar “venmo, but on a global scale - and for larger bodies like banks and corporations.” • Stellar Lumens Is Up 6,300% Since March and Is Aiming for Big Blockchain Partners (article) • Many new partnerships (listed below) that will be using the Stellar network in 2018. • Binance and GoPax Exchanges Adds Stellar • Ledger Nano S support is now available for Lumens (XLM) • The next coin to break into the top 10 cryptos (article) . . 2017 Partnerships & Financial Institutions • IBM - is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. IBM partnered with Stellar to help financial institutions address the processes of universal cross-border payments, designed to reduce the settlement time and lower the cost of completing global payments for businesses and consumers. • SatoshiPay - a web payment system that helps online publishers monetize digital assets like news articles, videos, or PDFs in tiny increments without friction. • EXCH.ONE - is a FinTech software company based in Switzerland currently working to integrate its platform and its first technology adopter Euro Exchange Securities UK Ltd. into the Stellar network. This addition to the Stellar network will bring access to currency markets of South and Central America,UK and a number of EU countries. • Novati (ASX:NOV) - is an Australian-based software technology and payment services provider. Novatti is currently working to integrate it’s platform into the Stellar network with the ultimate aim to build a global money transfer solution to provide cross border, cross currency and cross asset payments. • Pundi X - is an Indonesia based fintech company that provides POS device, debit card, multi-currency wallet that empowers individuals to buy and sell cryptocurrency at any physical store in the world. They say "buying cryptocurrency should be as easy as buying a bottled water." • MoneyMatch - is a Malaysia based fintech startup that provides a fully-digital peer-to-peer currency exchange platform for customers to transfer and exchange foreign currencies with complete ease and at great value. The company plans to integrate with the Stellar network and enable pay in and pay out from Malaysia. • Streami - is a Korea based fintech company that offers blockchain enabled cross-border remittance service and recently launched a cryptocurrency exchange. The partnership extends both on the exchange side and remittance operations. • Neoframe - is developing and marketing trading solutions for big brokerage firms in Korea and extends its business to blockchain based applications. Neoframe developed high performance centralized cryptocurrency exchange as well as secure wallet solutions and is working with big financial players. The company is planning to launch a remittance business for ASEAN countries (Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Myanmar (Burma), Cambodia, Laos, Brunei) using Stellar. • SureRemit($RMT) - is a Nigeria based global non-cash remittances company. SureRemit leverages the Stellar blockchain platform to connect immigrants abroad directly with merchants that provide the services needed by their loved ones back home. With Remit tokens, immigrants all over the world can access digital shopping vouchers that can be spent on goods and services at accepting merchants wherever they are. • Cowrie Integrated Systems - is a Nigerian based Value Added Service Provider. Cowrie provides services at the intersection between telecoms and finance. Cowrie recently joined the Stellar network to bring novel fintech services to the African market. • Smartlands - is a Stellar-based platform designed to create a new class of low-risk tokens, secured by real, profitable assets in the real-world economy. Smartlands is designed to promote investments in the agricultural sector by allowing investment in individual projects, agricultural companies or indexes of groups of projects. These investments will be fully collateralized by agricultural real estate, other productive assets such as fruit or nut trees or, in some cases, the actual crop. • Klick-Ex - is an award winning regional cross-border payments system delivering financial infrastructure for emerging markets. It has been responsible for dramatic uptake in digital financial services in unbanked regions of the world, and lowering costs for banks, central banks and consumers in low liquidity currencies. Its key presence is in the Pacific and Europe, and it is a founding member of www.APFII.org processing more than 775,000 transactions per second, per billion of population (source). • Mobius - Mobius connects any app, device, and data stream to the blockchain ecosystem. Our simple and easy to use bidirectional API allows non-blockchain developers to easily connect resources to smart contracts and more. The Mobius MVP acts like Stripe for Blockchain by introducing innovative standards for cross-blockchain login, payment, smart contract management, and oracles. The Mobius Team includes David Gobaud, Jed McCaleb (Stellar.org founder), Jackson Palmer (creator of Dogecoin), and Chandler Guo (notorious Bitcoin & blockchain investor). • Chaineum - Chaineum, the first French ICO Boutique, will use the Stellar network for upcoming ICOs. “Chaineum is positioned as the first “ICO Boutique” in France, providing a range of end-to-end services to companies and international start-ups wishing to develop with this new funding mechanism. Chaineum is preparing 8 ICOs by the end of 2017, for European, North American and Asian companies, of which cumulative amount could reach € 200 million." (source) • Poseidon Foundation - Poseidon will simplify the carbon credit market with the creation of an ecosystem built on Stellar.org’s blockchain technology. This technology will prevent double counting of carbon and will be consistent across jurisdictions, making it easier for companies to deliver and measure progress towards their climate targets or other goals such as deforestation-free commitments. • Remitr - Remitr is a global platform for cross border payments, licensed in Canada. Remitr uses the Stellar network for international settlements for businesses as well as other payment partners. Remitr’s own payout network of 63 countries, comprising several currencies, is extended onto the Stellar network. • MSewa Software Solution (MSS) - MSewa Software Solution (MSS) Payments provides a one-stop digital payment service available across the Globe. MSS Payments aims at serving the consumers (Banked, Unbanked and Underbanked) with mobile banking facilities on the move from anywhere by transferring funds in their mobile phone. • PesaChoice - PesaChoice is a leader in international bill payment services for the African diaspora. PesaChoice aims at making international bill payment process easy, seamless, secure, with reasonable and competitive service fees, and up to date technological advances. • SendX - Singapore based SendX, in partnership with Stellar, is the better way to move money worldwide. The SendX team believes that the future of transactions is decentralized and distributed, bringing true equity to everyone across the value chain. • VoguePay - VoguePay, with offices in the United Kingdom and Nigeria, is partnering with Stellar to become the cheapest and most efficient way to send money between the United Kingdom and Nigeria. In the coming months, they expect to expand this service to other selected African countries. • HashCash - Hashcash consultants build financial solutions for banks and financial institutions over blockchain. We leverage the Stellar platform to build products that vastly improve the remittance and payments experience for banks and their customers. Transfers happen lightning fast at a fraction of current rates and operational cost is significantly reduced. HashCash is headquartered in India, with operations across South Asia and the Gulf. . . Stellar Lumens vs Other Cryptocurrencies • Lumens vs. Bitcoin: Jed McCaleb spoke at Distributed Markets in 2017 about the advantages, but more importantly, the disadvantages of Bitcoin. Listen to the talk here. Jed said, “Bitcoin is this awesome innovation. The first thing it does is converts a real world resource, electricity, into a digital asset. So it takes something from the real world and puts it into the digital realm. The second thing it does is provides immutable public record. It’s basically a database that everyone can see but no one change arbitrarily… That’s great, Bitcoin solves the double spin problem [ of proving possession and transmitting volume]… [However, to fix the problems of bitcoin] you might think well maybe we’ll just kind of keep adding [software] to Bitcoin until we get there, but that’s not really the way software works. You want to have the design from the beginning and solve these simple issues. Bitcoin was designed to be a new currency, it wasn’t really designed to be this unifying universal payment network. So that’s what Stellar does. It solves these three remaining issues.” • Lumens vs. Bitcoin #2: According to wired.com, "Bitcoin mining guzzles energy - and it's carbon footprint just keeps growing." Wired says "Today, each bitcoin transaction requires the same amount of energy used to power nine homes in the US for one day... The total energy use of this web of hardware is huge—an estimated 31 terawatt-hours per year. More than 150 individual countries in the world consume less energy annually. And that power-hungry network is currently increasing its energy use every day by about 450 gigawatt-hours, roughly the same amount of electricity the entire country of Haiti uses in a year." Because Stellar is based on a consensus algorithm rather than mining, it takes much less energy to run the Stellar network. The Poseidon Foundation decided to build their platform on Stellar rather than Ethereum or Bitcoin because of this (twitter source). • Lumens ICO tokens vs. Ethereum ICO tokens: According to Stellar.org, "traditionally, ICO tokens have been issued on the Ethereum network in the form of ERC20 tokens. ERC20 tokens are easy to issue and are infinitely customizable using Ethereum’s smart contracting language. However, recent events have highlighted and exacerbated some weaknesses of the network, including slow transaction processing times for the network during ICOs and increasingly expensive gas prices (by fiat standards) for transactions and smart contract execution. Moreover, many organizations require only basic tokens; they adopt the risk of Ethereum’s Turing complete programming language without taking advantage of many of its benefits." "While Ethereum has the most expressive programming capabilities, we believe Stellar is the best choice for ICOs that do not require complex smart contracts. Stellar’s primary goal is to facilitate issuing and trading tokens, especially those tied to legal commitments by known organizations, such as claims on real-world assets or fiat currency." • Stellar vs. Ethereum #2: The median transaction time on Stellar is 5 seconds, compared to approximately 3.5 minutes on Ethereum (source). Stellar has a negligible transaction fee (.00001 XLM ~= $0.0000002) with no gas fee for computation, while depending on the complexity of the computation, the median cost for a transfer on the Ethereum network is $0.094. Security: While both Stellar and Ethereum run on a decentralized network, the Stellar network has fewer security pitfalls. Stellar uses atomic transactions comprised of simple, declarative operations while Ethereum uses turing complete programming capabilities which produces less auditable code and greater risk of exploitable vulnerabilities(source). Recently, a security flaw in the Ethereum network froze millions of dollars. According to Mobius ariticle written by David Gobaud, "On November 6, 2017, Github user deveps199 'accidentally' triggered a bug in Parity, a popular Ethereum mult-sig wallet, that froze more than $152 million in Ether across 151 addresses. The bug impacted several token sales including Polkadot, which has had ~$98 million out of its recent $145 million sale frozen." "Mobius had none of its ongoing pre-sale Ether frozen because we do not trust Ethereum’s Smart Contract based multi-sig wallets given the vast Turing complete attack surface and did not use one. Security broadly is one of the main reasons the MOBI token that powers the DApp Store is a Stellar Protocol token and not an Ethereum token." • Lumens vs. Ripple: According to Wall Street Bitcoin Exchange, "Many investors like to compare the company [Stellar] to Ripple, and there are a lot of similarities, being that some of the founders worked on the Ripple team. In what can now be looked at as another blockchain development drama that plays out on chat boards and in interviews all across the globe. Stellar declared they fixed Ripple’s problems with their hard fork, however, Ripple has failed to admit to any of the flaws in its design that the Stellar team has pointed out." The article concludes by saying, "We Choose XLM Over XRP For 2018. That is why we are going with Stellar Lumens over Ripple in our portfolio for the rest of 2017 and 2018. After holding Ripple for a long time this year, it just never seems to make the big break like other names with bigger market caps like Bitcoin Cash, Dash, and Litecoin have. While we are holding on most all our larger market caps, we feel that Stellar Lumens will be one of the break out coins for 2018." . . Conclusion The stellar.org team is doing an amazing job making partnerships and pioneering the use of blockchain technology for various types of transactions. What we are seeing is a new technology that can actually be used to solve real-world problems. As a community, we need to continue supporting Stellar and we will quickly see it power transactions across the world. What are your thoughts about Stellar? What do you see in the future of Stellar? Any important news you want to share? Comment below.
'Converted' a road side 'shop' in penang - so easy now.
I was in Penang recently. I stopped by a small lean-to shop to get some cigarettes. They had an Indonesian brand I like, but hard to find outside of Indonesia and I wanted a whole carton. I didn't have enough fiat on me and no ATM in sight, so I asked to owner if he takes bitcoin. He said "bitcoin !!! Oh, I like very much, but no have can do". I helped him download bread wallet and sent him the BTC. The look on his face was priceless. He seemed shocked at how easy it was. Didn't have to apply for anything or ask permission from anyone and presto - has BTC. He started to rave on about how he's interested in BTC 'long time now', but thought it would be more complicated than that. We then got into a discussion about how it is only tricky when exchanging to fiat and back and he'd have to find out how to do that in his location. He doesn't want to trade back to fiat. This is his savings now. He probably wouldn't qualify for a bank account anyway. I told him to put up a sign for accepting bitcoin and that is how he can get more. People will start to find out and he may even meet people willing to trade to fiat with him peer to peer. He's in a very high passerby location. I ended up sending him some more and buying a second carton. Needless to say, good business for him on his first day accepting bitcoin. I was going in for one pack, walked out with 2 cartons. Now I just have to get some more fiat back into my bitcoin wallet. I think step by step if we all start spending and replacing the spent amount with fiat, teaching people to get a wallet and accept transactions, we'll see more and more adoption. We've been duped into seeing BTC as a commodity to increase our fiat net worth. The barrier to entry for many people seems to be in buying BTC, it seems to difficult with all the legacy financial system KYC and AML bullshit. Just get them to start accepting - everyone knows it just goes up by now. THAT is easy and can be done in a few moments. Download a wallet. Spend and replace. Spend and replace.
Dear UCASH users, As we are sure many of you have noticed, UCASH has been receiving a lot of attention over the past several days. We feel it’s important to clarify some details about the project and update all our users on our current growth plan. The team is focused on building the UCASH network. We are committed to the long-term project of improving access to financial services worldwide, and we hope you’ll join us. Background: UCASH is a social-minded peer-to-peer financial services network which uses blockchain technology and a global converter network to seamlessly allow conversion from fiat currencies to cryptocurrencies. The UCASH token powers the network and will enable access to a wide variety of financial services. U.CASH is the project name and the website address. It stands for Universal Cash. UCASH is the token that powers the U.CASH network. We invite everyone to find out more about the international team behind UCASH at https://u.cash/about. Ageesen and Brian have been active members of the Canadian blockchain community since circa 2012 including founding SecuraCoin. Antoine, our Blockchain architect, set up one of the first Bitcoin ATMs in the world (Bumblebee exchange) and hosts the largest blockchain developer meetup in Toronto. Our development team in India is led by Arvind. They are hard at work adding new features to the network which will be rolling out soon. The rest of the UCASH team has in-depth understanding of cryptocurrencies and the blockchain space in addition to their individual areas of expertise. Our advisors represent different sectors within financial services and blockchain technologies and many are pioneers in their field. As of now UCASH is an ERC20 token, however UCASH is bringing something very unique to the blockchain space. U.CASH will integrate other blockchains by creating a pegged number of tokens for each blockchain represented. The total supply of pegged tokens created, across all blockchains, will equal to the token supply created from the IBO via a 1:1 pegging mechanism. .Being blockchain agnostic and inclusive allows the U.CASH ecosystem to be independent of any one blockchain implementation, and also allows all of them to be accessed and used whenever beneficial, or required by its users. To know more about UCASH, we request all existing and new users to read our white paper, which is available in 12+ languages, and join our telegram channel(s). Current Status: Our Initial Bounty Offering (IBO) concluded on Jan 8th and all of our users can view their UCASH balance in our web portal (http://portal.u.cash). We already have support of one of the leading multiple-currency wallets (Jaxx) and you can withdraw UCASH to Jaxx or to MyEtherWallet (MEW). UCASH is currently listed on one exchange, with more to come soon. As of now, the following features have been enabled on our portal: - Verify account - Users can send UCASH to one another via the portal - Users can withdraw UCASH to a wallet or send to an exchange - Store UCASH securely on the platform - Send and receive Bitcoin - Walk into a Converter retail location and carry out basic services of the platform including verification. (Currently available in Toronto, Canada, with more locations to come.) We will enable/improve the following services in the near future: We recently had the option of users completing different bounties (Eg: Whitepaper translation) and have disabled the bounties section at the moment. We will soon be enabling a number of bounties. - Listing on more exchanges and support on different wallets. - Conversion of Bitcoin to UCASH and vice-versa - Faster withdrawals to personal wallets - Signing up additional storefront converter locations and individual converters in North America, Vietnam, and India, in compliance with local laws. - We are ramping up our team in India and Canada and we will publish available opportunities. - Onboarding new users by targeting different user communities and geographic regions. - Revamp of the UI/UX of the UCASH Portal. A detailed history of UCASH and future growth plan is available at: https://u.cash/growthplan (We will be updating this soon as well as on an ongoing basis). UCASH has been one of the most widely distributed blockchain tokens with more than 200,000 user signups. We take pride in the fact that majority of our users are new to blockchain and UCASH is first token that they are holding. Due to our innovative bounty program, they didn't have to spend bitcoin or ether to receive UCASH. We acknowledge that currently, wallet withdrawals are taking longer than we (and users!) would like. The current system is backlogged by both the massive influx of legitimate users as well as people attempting to exploit the bounty system. We are committed to securing the UCASH network and protecting our community. Unfortunately, these bad actors have caused delays for everyone. We are hiring additional support personnel and will further automate the withdrawal process, which will continue to decrease wait times. Recent Events: Now, let's talk about the unexpected price fluctuations in the UCASH token. We at U.CASH will continue to focus on building a high quality technology product, signing up new partnerships, and onboarding new users as well as improving on customer support. Price movements of tokens, as many of you who are experienced in the crypto space are aware, are influenced by a wide variety of factors. We have had a massive surge in interest from around the world and no doubt that has contributed to some of these movements. However, we take this unexpected global interest positively and are trying our best to reply to each user request individually. Our global rank on the top web-ranking platforms is at an all-time high with SimilarWeb ranking us at 48,842 and Alexa ranking us at 61,839! The greatest interest for UCASH is from Vietnam, India, Russia and Indonesia. As stated, we will continue to focus our efforts on the long term. U.CASH is here to stay. Today has been just another Monday in UCASH office, except for the exponential increase in requests on social media, influx of new users, and inquiries from press. We would like to thank all of our users and benefactors, whether they have been with us for months or only days. You have shown tremendous patience, interest, and passion. We would also request anyone trying to spread FUD to read the white paper, signup, check out the platform, follow us on social media, and ask questions on telegram. This is just the beginning of our ambitious plans to empower our users and enable access to vital financial services around the world. Thanks again to all our supporters! The UCASH Team www.u.cash
Georgia Tombstones (Part 2) by Jayge 8^J "Project Blue Beam is a conspiracy theory that claims that NASA is attempting to implement a New Age religion with the Antichrist at its head and start a New World Order, via a technologically-simulated Second Coming. The allegations were presented in 1994 by Quebecois journalist and conspiracy theorist Serge Monast, and later published in his book Project Blue Beam (NASA). Proponents of the theory allege that Monast and another unnamed journalist, who both died of heart attacks in 1996, were in fact assassinated, and that the Canadian government kidnapped Monast's daughter in an effort to dissuade him from investigating Project Blue Beam. The project was apparently supposed to be implemented in 1983, but it didn't happen. It was then set for implementation in 1995 and then 1996. Monast thought Project Blue Beam would be brought to fruition by the year 2000, really, definitely, for sure. The theory is widely popular (for a conspiracy theory) on the Internet, with many web pages dedicated to the subject, and countless YouTube videos explaining it. The actual source material, however, is very thin indeed. Monast lectured on the theory in the mid-1990s (a transcript of one such lecture is widely available), before writing and publishing his book, which has not been reissued by his current publisher and is all but unobtainable. The currently available pages and videos all appear to trace back to four documents: A transcript of the 1994 lecture by Monast, translated into English. A GeoCities page written by David Openheimer and which appears to draw on the original book. A page on educate-yourself.org, compiled in 2005, which appears to include a translation of the book from the French. Monast's page in French Wikipedia. The French Wikipedia article is largely sourced from two books on conspiracy theories and extremism by Pierre-André Taguieff, a mainstream academic expert on racist and extremist groups. From these few texts have come a flood of green ink, in text and video form, in several languages. Even the French language material typically does not cite the original book but the English language pages on educate-yourself.org. However, conspiracy theorists seem to use quantity as a measure of substance (much as alternative medicine uses appeal to tradition) and never mind the extremely few sources it all traces back to. Proponents of the theory have extrapolated it to embrace HAARP, 9/11, the Norwegian Spiral, chemtrails, FEMA concentration camps and Tupac Shakur. Everything is part of Project Blue Beam. It's well on its way to becoming the Unified Conspiracy Theory. Behold A Pale Horse, William Cooper's 1991 green ink magnum opus, has lately been considered a prior claim of, hence supporting evidence for, Blue Beam by advocates. The book is where a vast quantity of now-common conspiracy memes actually came from, so retrospectively claiming it as prior evidence is somewhere between cherrypicking and the Texas sharpshooter fallacy. However, the following quotes, from pages 180-181, intersect slightly with the specific themes of Blue Beam: It is true that without the population or the bomb problem the elect would use some other excuse to bring about the New World Order. They have plans to bring about things like earthquakes, war, the Messiah, an extra-terrestrial landing, and economic collapse. They might bring about all of these things just to make damn sure that it does work. They will do whatever is necessary to succeed. The Illuminati has all the bases covered and you are going to have to be on your toes to make it through the coming years. Can you imagine what will happen if Los Angeles is hit with a 9.0 quake, New York City is destroyed by a terrorist-planted atomic bomb, World War III breaks out in the Middle East, the banks and the stock markets collapse, Extraterrestrials land on the White House lawn, food disappears from the markets, some people disappear, the Messiah presents himself to the world, and all in a very short period of time? Can you imagine? The world power structure can, and will if necessary, make some or all of those things happen to bring about the New World Order. “Without a universal belief in the new age religion, the success of the new world order will be impossible!” The alleged purpose of Project Blue Beam is to bring about a global New Age religion, which is seen as a core requirement for the New World Order's dictatorship to be realised. There's nothing new in thinking of religion as a form of control, but the existence of multiple religions, spin-off cults, competing sects and atheists suggest that controlling the population entirely through a single religion isn't particularly easy. Past attempts have required mechanisms of totalitarianism such as the Inquisition. Monast's theory, however, suggests using sufficiently advanced technology to trick people into believing. Of course, the plan would have to assume that people could never fathom the trick at all — something contested by anyone sane enough not to swallow this particular conspiracy. The primary claimed perpetrator of Project Blue Beam is NASA, presented as a large and mostly faceless organization that can readily absorb such frankly odd accusations, aided by the United Nations, another old-time boogeyman of conspiracy theorists. According to Monast, the project has four steps: Step One requires the breakdown of all archaeological knowledge. This will apparently be accomplished by faking earthquakes at precise locations around the planet. Fake "new discoveries" at these locations "will finally explain to all people the error of all fundamental religious doctrines", specifically Christian and Muslim doctrines. This makes some degree of sense — if you want to usurp a current way of thinking you need to completely destroy it before putting forward your own. However, religious belief is notoriously resilient to things like facts. The Shroud of Turin is a famous example that is still believed by many to be a genuine shroud of Jesus as opposed to the medieval forgery that it has been conclusively shown to be. Prayer studies, too, show how difficult it is to shift religious conviction with mere observational fact — indeed, many theologians avoid making falsifiable claims or place belief somewhere specifically beyond observation to aid this. So what finds could possibly fundamentally destroy both Christianity and Islam, almost overnight, and universally all over the globe? Probably nothing. Yet, this is only step one of an increasingly ludicrous set of events that Project Blue Beam predicts will occur. Step Two involves a gigantic "space show" wherein three-dimensional holographic laser projections will be beamed all over the planet — and this is where Blue Beam really takes off. The projections will take the shape of whatever deity is most predominant, and will speak in all languages. At the end of this light show, the gods will all merge into one god, the Antichrist. This is a rather baffling plan as it seems to assume people will think this is actually their god, rather than the more natural twenty-first century assumption that it is a particularly opaque Coca Cola advertisement. Evidence commonly advanced for this is a supposed plan to project the face of Allah, despite its contradiction with Muslim belief of God's uniqueness, over Baghdad in 1991 to tell the Iraqis to overthrow Saddam Hussein. Someone, somewhere, must have thought those primitive, ignorant non-Western savages wouldn't have had television or advertising, and would never guess it was being done with mirrors. In general, pretty much anything that either a) involves light or b) has been seen in the sky has been put forward as evidence that Project Blue Beam is real, and such things are "tests" of the technology — namely unidentified flying objects. Existing display technology such as 3D projection mapping and holograms are put forward as foreshadowing the great light show in the sky. This stage will apparently be accomplished with the aid of a Soviet computer that will be fed "with the minute physio-psychological particulars based on their studies of the anatomy and electro-mechanical composition of the human body, and the studies of the electrical, chemical and biological properties of the human brain", and every human has been allocated a unique radio wavelength. The computers are also capable of inducing suicidal thoughts. The Soviets are (not "were") the "New World Order" people. Why NASA would use a Soviet computer when the USSR had to import or copy much of its computer technology from the West is not detailed. The second part of Step Two happens when the holograms result in the dissolution of social and religious order, "setting loose millions of programmed religious fanatics through demonic possession on a scale never witnessed before." The United Nations plans to use Beethoven's "Ode to Joy" as the anthem for the introduction of the new age one world religion. There is relatively little to debunk in this, the most widely remembered section of the Project Blue Beam conspiracy, as the idea is so infeasible. Citing actual existing communication technology is odd if the point is for the end product to appear magical, rather than just as cheap laser projections onto clouds. This hasn't stopped some very strange conspiracy theories about such things popping up. Indeed, the notion of gods being projected into the sky was floated in 1991 by conspiracy theorist Betty J. Mills. And US general (and CIA shyster extraordinaire), Edward Lansdale, actually floated a plan to fake a Second Coming over Cuba to get rid of Castro. Step Three is "Telepathic Electronic Two-Way Communication." It involves making people think their god is speaking to them through telepathy, projected into the head of each person individually using extreme low frequency radio waves. (Atheists will presumably hear an absence of Richard Dawkins.) The book goes to some lengths to describe how this would be feasible, including a claim that ELF thought projection caused the depressive illness of Michael Dukakis' wife Kitty. Step Four has three parts: Making humanity think an alien invasion is about to occur at every major city; Making the Christians think the Rapture is about to happen; A mixture of electronic and supernatural forces, allowing the supernatural forces to travel through fiber optics, coax, power and telephone lines to penetrate all electronic equipment and appliances, that will by then all have a special microchip installed. Then chaos will break out, and people will finally be willing — perhaps even desperate — to accept the New World Order. "The techniques used in the fourth step is exactly the same used in the past in the USSR to force the people to accept Communism." A device has apparently already been perfected that will lift enormous numbers of people, as in a Rapture. UFO abductions are tests of this device. Project Blue Beam proponents believe psychological preparations have already been made, Monast having claimed that 2001: A Space Odyssey, Star Wars and the Star Trek series all involve an invasion from space and all nations coming together (the first two don't, the third is peaceful contact) and that Jurassic Park propagandises evolution in order to make people think God's words are lies. The book detailed the theory. In the 1994 lecture, Monast detailed what would happen afterwards. All people will be required to take an oath to Lucifer with a ritual initiation to enter the New World Order. Resisters will be categorised as follows: Christian children will be kept for human sacrifice or sexual slaves. Prisoners to be used in medical experiments. Prisoners to be used as living organ banks. Healthy workers in slave labour camps. Uncertain prisoners in the international re-education center, thence to repent on television and learn to glorify the New World Order. The international execution centre. An as yet unknown seventh classification. Joel Engel's book Gene Roddenberry: The Myth and the Man Behind Star Trek was released in 1994, shortly before Monast's lecture on Project Blue Beam: “In May 1975, Gene Roddenberry accepted an offer from Paramount to develop Star Trek into a feature film, and moved back into his old office on the Paramount lot. His proposed story told of a flying saucer, hovering above Earth, that was programmed to send down people who looked like prophets, including Jesus Christ.” All the steps of the conspiracy theory were in the unmade mid-'70s Star Trek film script by Roddenberry, which were recycled for the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode Devil's Due, broadcast in 1991. There is no evidence of deliberate fraud on Monast's part; given his head was quite thoroughly full of squirrels and confetti by this time, it's entirely plausible that he thought this was the revelation of secret information in a guise safe for propagation. However, the actual source was so obvious that even other conspiracy theorists noticed. They confidently state it was obvious that Monast had been fed deceptive information by the CIA. Of course!" -- rationalwiki.org "Serge Monast was a Québécois investigative journalist, poet, essayist and conspiracy theorist. He is known to English-speaking readers mainly for Project Blue Beam and associated conspiracy tropes. His works on Masonic conspiracy theories and the New World Order also remain popular with French-speaking conspiracy theorists and enthusiasts." -- Wikipedia "A human microchip implant is typically an identifying integrated circuit device or RFID transponder encased in silicate glass and implanted in the body of a human being. This type of subdermal implant usually contains a unique ID number that can be linked to information contained in an external database, such as personal identification, law enforcement, medical history, medications, allergies, and contact information. The first experiments with an RFID implant were carried out in 1998 by the British scientist Kevin Warwick. His implant was used to open doors, switch on lights, and cause verbal output within a building. After nine days the implant was removed and has since been held in the Science Museum (London). On 16 March 2009 British scientist Mark Gasson had an advanced glass capsule RFID device surgically implanted into his left hand. In April 2010 Gasson's team demonstrated how a computer virus could wirelessly infect his implant and then be transmitted on to other systems. Gasson reasoned that with implanted technology the separation between man and machine can become theoretical because the technology can be perceived by the human as being a part of their body. Because of this development in our understanding of what constitutes our body and its boundaries he became credited as being the first human infected by a computer virus. He has no plans to remove his implant. Several hobbyists have placed RFID microchip implants into their hands or had them inserted by others. Amal Graafstra, author of the book RFID Toys, asked doctors to place implants in his hands in March 2005. A cosmetic surgeon used a scalpel to place a microchip in his left hand, and his family doctor injected a chip into his right hand using a veterinary Avid injector kit. Graafstra uses the implants to access his home, open car doors, and to log on to his computer. With public interest growing, in 2013 he launched biohacking company Dangerous Things and crowdfunded the world's first implantable NFC transponder in 2014. He has also spoken at various events and promotional gigs including TEDx, and built a smartgun that only fires after reading his implant. Alejandro Hernandez CEO of Futura is known to be the first in Central America to have Dangerous Things' transponder installed in his left hand by Federico Cortes in November 2017. Mikey Sklar had a chip implanted into his left hand and filmed the procedure. Jonathan Oxer self-implanted an RFID chip in his arm using a veterinary implantation tool. Martijn Wismeijer, Dutch marketing manager for Bitcoin ATM manufacturer General Bytes, placed RFID chips in both of his hands to store his Bitcoin private keys and business card. Patric Lanhed sent a “bio-payment” of one euro worth of Bitcoin using a chip embedded in his hand. Marcel Varallo had an NXP chip coated in Bioglass 8625 inserted into his hand between his forefinger and thumb allowing him to open secure elevators and doors at work, print from secure printers, unlock his mobile phone and home, and store his digital business card for transfer to mobile phones enabled for NFC. Biohacker Hannes Sjöblad has been experimenting with NFC (Near Field Communication) chip implants since 2015. During his talk at Echappée Voléé 2016 in Paris, Sjöblad disclosed that he has also implanted himself between his forefinger and thumb and uses it to unlock doors, make payments, and unlock his phone (essentially replacing anything you can put in your pockets). Additionally, Sjöblad has hosted several "implant parties," where interested individuals can also be implanted with the chip. Researchers have examined microchip implants in humans in the medical field and they indicate that there are potential benefits and risks to incorporating the device in the medical field. For example, it could be beneficial for noncompliant patients but still poses great risks for potential misuse of the device. Destron Fearing, a subsidiary of Digital Angel, initially developed the technology for the VeriChip. In 2004, the VeriChip implanted device and reader were classified as Class II: General controls with special controls by the FDA; that year the FDA also published a draft guidance describing the special controls required to market such devices. About the size of a grain of rice, the device was typically implanted between the shoulder and elbow area of an individual’s right arm. Once scanned at the proper frequency, the chip responded with a unique 16-digit number which could be then linked with information about the user held on a database for identity verification, medical records access and other uses. The insertion procedure was performed under local anesthetic in a physician's office. Privacy advocates raised concerns regarding potential abuse of the chip, with some warning that adoption by governments as a compulsory identification program could lead to erosion of civil liberties, as well as identity theft if the device should be hacked. Another ethical dilemma posed by the technology, is that people with dementia could possibly benefit the most from an implanted device that contained their medical records, but issues of informed consent are the most difficult in precisely such people. In June 2007, the American Medical Association declared that "implantable radio frequency identification (RFID) devices may help to identify patients, thereby improving the safety and efficiency of patient care, and may be used to enable secure access to patient clinical information", but in the same year, news reports linking similar devices to cancer caused in laboratory animals had a devastating impact on the company's stock price and sales. In 2010, the company, by then called "PositiveID", withdrew the product from the market due to poor sales. In January 2012, PositiveID sold the chip assets to a company called VeriTeQ that was owned by Scott Silverman, the former CEO of Positive ID. In 2016, JAMM Technologies acquired the chip assets from VeriTeQ; JAMM's business plan was to partner with companies selling implanted medical devices and use the RFID tags to monitor and identify the devices. JAMM Technologies is co-located in the same Plymouth, Minnesota building as Geissler Corporation with Randolph K. Geissler and Donald R. Brattain listed as its principals. The website also claims that Geissler was CEO of PositiveID Corporation, Destron Fearing Corporation, and Digital Angel Corporation. In 2018, A Danish firm called BiChip released a new generation of microchip implant that is intended to be readable from distance and connected to Internet. The company released an update for its microchip implant to associate it with the Ripple cryptocurrency to allow payments to be made using the implanted microchip. In February 2006, CityWatcher, Inc. of Cincinnati, OH became the first company in the world to implant microchips into their employees as part of their building access control and security system. The workers needed the implants to access the company's secure video tape room, as documented in USA Today. The project was initiated and implemented by Six Sigma Security, Inc. The VeriChip Corporation had originally marketed the implant as a way to restrict access to secure facilities such as power plants. A major drawback for such systems is the relative ease with which the 16-digit ID number contained in a chip implant can be obtained and cloned using a hand-held device, a problem that has been demonstrated publicly by security researcher Jonathan Westhues and documented in the May 2006 issue of Wired magazine, among other places. The Baja Beach Club, a nightclub in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, once used VeriChip implants for identifying VIP guests. The Epicenter in Stockholm, Sweden is using RFID implants for employees to operate security doors, copiers, and pay for lunch. In 2017 Mike Miller, chief executive of the World Olympians Association, was widely reported as suggesting the use of such implants in athletes in an attempt to reduce problems in sport due to drug taking. Theoretically, a GPS-enabled chip could one day make it possible for individuals to be physically located by latitude, longitude, altitude, speed, and direction of movement. Such implantable GPS devices are not technically feasible at this time. However, if widely deployed at some future point, implantable GPS devices could conceivably allow authorities to locate missing persons and/or fugitives and those who fled from a crime scene. Critics contend, however, that the technology could lead to political repression as governments could use implants to track and persecute human rights activists, labor activists, civil dissidents, and political opponents; criminals and domestic abusers could use them to stalk and harass their victims; and child abusers could use them to locate and abduct children. Another suggested application for a tracking implant, discussed in 2008 by the legislature of Indonesia's Irian Jaya would be to monitor the activities of persons infected with HIV, aimed at reducing their chances of infecting other people. The microchipping section was not, however, included into the final version of the provincial HIV/AIDS Handling bylaw passed by the legislature in December 2008. With current technology, this would not be workable anyway, since there is no implantable device on the market with GPS tracking capability. Since modern payment methods rely upon RFID/NFC, it is thought that implantable microchips, if they were to ever become popular in use, would form a part of the cashless society. Verichip implants have already been used in nightclubs such as the Baja club for such a purpose, allowing patrons to purchase drinks with their implantable microchip. In a self-published report anti-RFID advocate Katherine Albrecht, who refers to RFID devices as "spy chips", cites veterinary and toxicological studies carried out from 1996 to 2006 which found lab rodents injected with microchips as an incidental part of unrelated experiments and dogs implanted with identification microchips sometimes developed cancerous tumors at the injection site (subcutaneous sarcomas) as evidence of a human implantation risk. However, the link between foreign-body tumorigenesis in lab animals and implantation in humans has been publicly refuted as erroneous and misleading and the report's author has been criticized over the use of "provocative" language "not based in scientific fact". Notably, none of the studies cited specifically set out to investigate the cancer risk of implanted microchips and so none of the studies had a control group of animals that did not get implanted. While the issue is considered worthy of further investigation, one of the studies cited cautioned "Blind leaps from the detection of tumors to the prediction of human health risk should be avoided". The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) of the American Medical Association published a report in 2007 alleging that RFID implanted chips may compromise privacy because there is no assurance that the information contained in the chip can be properly protected. Following Wisconsin and North Dakota, California issued Senate Bill 362 in 2007, which makes it illegal to force a person to have a microchip implanted, and provide for an assessment of civil penalties against violators of the bill. In 2008, Oklahoma passed 63 OK Stat § 63-1-1430 (2008 S.B. 47), that bans involuntary microchip implants in humans. On April 5, 2010, the Georgia Senate passed Senate Bill 235 that prohibits forced microchip implants in humans and that would make it a misdemeanor for anyone to require them, including employers. The bill would allow voluntary microchip implants, as long as they are performed by a physician and regulated by the Georgia Composite Medical Board. The state's House of Representatives did not take up the measure. On February 10, 2010, Virginia's House of Delegates also passed a bill that forbids companies from forcing their employees to be implanted with tracking devices. Washington State House Bill 1142-2009-10 orders a study using implanted radio frequency identification or other similar technology to electronically monitor sex offenders and other felons. The general public are most familiar with microchips in the context of tracking their pets. In the U.S., some Christian activists, including conspiracy theorist Mark Dice, the author of a book titled The Resistance Manifesto, make a link between the PositiveID and the Biblical Mark of the Beast, prophesied to be a future requirement for buying and selling, and a key element of the Book of Revelation. Gary Wohlscheid, president of These Last Days Ministries, has argued that "Out of all the technologies with potential to be the mark of the beast, VeriChip has got the best possibility right now"." -- Wikipedia "In this latest book Joseph P Farrell examines the subject of mind control, but from a very unusual perspective, showing that its basic underlying philosophy, and goal, is not only cosmological in nature, but that the cosmology in view is very ancient, and that mind control of any sort, from the arts to hypnosis, remote electromagnetic technologies and “electroencephalographic dictionaries” has cosmological implications." -- Microcosm and Medium: The Cosmic Implications and Agenda of Mind Control Technologies publisher's description
With the development of migration, individuals travelling the world to seek better opportunities had faced the challenge of moving money in a safe, quick and cheap way. For many years, the only way to send money was either carrying, mailing or trusting third parties to do it for long distances. The risky and expensive solutions have been challenged with the invention of the telegraph which gave the green light for bank wires. However, wire transfers were not only expensive and time-consuming, but they were designed to work for large amounts between people and companies who had access to financial services. More recently, the 90’s were host to the money transfer businesses bloom, with Western Union and MoneyGram becoming the main services migrants used to send money back home. Today, in the globalized world of fast internet connection, smartphones and blockchain, people are looking for cheaper, easier and faster money transfer solutions. Financial inclusion, defined as the impossibility of individuals or companies to access basic financial services such as current and deposit accounts, loans, insurance services and payment is key to solving the remittances puzzle and building a solution that allows even the most isolated communities to access financial services. Remittances in the Age of Blockchain In the past few years, a new trend has emerged among people working abroad who wanted to send money back to their families: cryptocurrencies. Although we have only witnessed the beginning of the crypto transformation, we can see the impact cryptocurrencies had on the remittances market and financial services as a whole. With the development of the blockchain technology, a number of companies and startups had begun adopting cryptocurrencies to offer remittance services that promise to solve the problems of high transfer costs, speed and transparency. Abra is a US company founded in 2014 that offers person-to-person money transfer through an app, and lets users to store cash directly on their mobile device, allowing for instant transfer of funds between them. Bitcoin is the main coin they use, and the funds are denominated in USD, with the possibility of settling in local currency on the receiver’s end. BitSpark, a company originating in Hong-Kong offers a digital remittances service through its own BitShares platform. Payment providers must go through gatekeepers in order to access 200 world currencies. Allowing users to trade their assets by pegging their value to EUR, USD or CNY, BitSpark offers a great solution for the millions of Asians living all over the globe.. BitSpark is currently serving Indonesia, Pakistan, Vietnam and the Phillippines. BitPesa is the African remittances transfer company, established in 2013 in Kenya. Currently, BitPesa is active in Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda and it relies on Bitcoin for the transfer of money, removing correspondent banks from the transactions. Migrant Coin — A better solution? A couple of other initiatives have appeared within the remittances industry world. However, most of them allow for money transfers between users who already have access to financial services. Credit cards, ATMs and banks are unfortunately not available for a large number of people. In most developing countries, cash remains the only reliable method of paying for specific goods and services. MigrantCoin is the only cryptocurrency-based reversible money transfer method that aims to engage people with no access to a bank account. MigrantCoin addresses the less tech savvy and aims to make it easier for people to receive money, in cash, using a smart system based on transfers between post offices and door-to-door delivery. The innovation brought by MigrantCoin is exactly related to the fact that it addresses people who don’t have access to traditional financial institutions either because these don’t exist in their areas or because they don’t have the necessary paperwork to open an account. Using a smart system based on local intermediaries, MigrantCoin promises to send the money at your family’s doorstep in 24h. We plan on making money transfer easy, regardless on where you are. Using the blockchain technology, MigrantCoin will not only decentralize the remittances industry, but also offer a solution that is cheaper, faster, user-friendly and a lot more secure. If you are interested in what we’re doing, check out our website, whitepaperand join our Telegram group to stay updated with the latest developments. BitSpark, a company originating in Hong-Kong offers a digital remittances service through its own BitShares platform. Payment providers must go through gatekeepers in order to access 200 world currencies. Allowing users to trade their assets by pegging their value to EUR, USD or CNY, BitSpark offers a great solution for the millions of Asians living all over the globe.. BitSpark is currently serving Indonesia, Pakistan, Vietnam and the Phillippines. BitPesa is the African remittances transfer company, established in 2013 in Kenya. Currently, BitPesa is active in Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda and it relies on Bitcoin for the transfer of money, removing correspondent banks from the transactions. Migrant Coin — A better solution? A couple of other initiatives have appeared within the remittances industry world. However, most of them allow for money transfers between users who already have access to financial services. Credit cards, ATMs and banks are unfortunately not available for a large number of people. In most developing countries, cash remains the only reliable method of paying for specific goods and services. MigrantCoin is the only cryptocurrency-based reversible money transfer method that aims to engage people with no access to a bank account. MigrantCoin addresses the less tech savvy and aims to make it easier for people to receive money, in cash, using a smart system based on transfers between post offices and door-to-door delivery. The innovation brought by MigrantCoin is exactly related to the fact that it addresses people who don’t have access to traditional financial institutions either because these don’t exist in their areas or because they don’t have the necessary paperwork to open an account. Using a smart system based on local intermediaries, MigrantCoin promises to send the money at your family’s doorstep in 24h. We plan on making money transfer easy, regardless on where you are. Using the blockchain technology, MigrantCoin will not only decentralize the remittances industry, but also offer a solution that is cheaper, faster, user-friendly and a lot more secure. If you are interested in what we’re doing, check out our website, whitepaper and join our Telegram group to stay updated with the latest developments.
Source Just two months ago, Writer Angaindrankumar Gnanasagaran summarised the latest policies and attitudes Southeast Asia had towards blockchain technology in an article titled Blockchain gaining ground in Southeast Asia, featured on The Asean Post. He reported that blockchain technology has “gained significant currency in Southeast Asia [as] many governments within the region have warmed up to the prospect of promoting the integration of this technology into businesses and the public sector”. Just how true is this progression? Let’s have a look. Philippines https://preview.redd.it/qgdk2omc4wf21.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=4d07949ca67e07c67d12b3b576a65165091c2074 On 8th August last year, the government-owned Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA) announced its latest partnership with private property developer Northern Star Gaming & Resorts Inc. – the development of Crypto Valley of Asia, a fintech and cryptocurrency hub set to be built on the Cagayan Special Economic Zone and Freeport, and intended to house up to 25 crypto firms on its premise. A few months later in October, Ateneo de Manila University and health-tech company MediXserve jointly launched the AMBERLab (Ateneo-MediXserve Blockchain Education & Reasearch Lab) to research future applications of blockchain in health-tech, fintech, edutech, Artificial Intelligence (AI), data analytics and other related industries. This year, about a week ago on 7 February, The Philippines, through the Cagayan Economic Zone Authority (CEZA), approved the Digital Asset Token Offering (DATO) regulations that recognises CEZA as the principal regulating authority and The Asia Blockchain and Crypto Association (ABACA) as the designated self-regulatory organization (SRO) that will implement and enforce the new DATO regulations. The rules are simple. All DATOs must submit proper documentation, providing details on the issuer, project, advisors, and certificates of experts and DA agents involved. Tokens can only be listed on licensed Offshore Virtual Currency Exchange (OVCE) and stakeholders must submit appropriate documentation with accredited wallet providers and custodians. The regulations also classify DATO into three tiers: Tier 1: Assets and investments ≤ $5M with payment in digital tokens Tier 2: Assets and investments from $6M to $10M Tier 3: Assets and investments ≥ $10M Clearly, unlike its vague position last year, the Philippines has been gearing up for blockchain technology and has implemented new measures as a result to regulate the wave of digital tokens crashing into the local market. One of the largest banks, UnionBank of Philippines, even announced on 11 February that it plans to launch an ATM that will facilitate digital assets trade in the national currency, the Philippine Pesos. If the Philippines keeps up this optimistic outlook, she may just fulfil her vision of being the Crypto Valley of Asia. Thailand https://preview.redd.it/hmwg4sde4wf21.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=50878be44e8ee3b0b347823d76670c4dc7fc78af If the Philippines seems supportive towards cryptocurrency, then Thailand is definitely a crypto wonderland. While others were still grappling to understand the blockchain technology and its idiosyncrasies, Thailand was quick to jump on the crypto train in 2018. Within the span of a few months, the Thai government enacted the emergency decree that allowed it to roll out a new law for the budding blockchain industry: the Digital Asset Business Decree. This decree differs from other countries by skipping the core debate that demanded the differentiation between security tokens in cryptocurrency. Instead, it classifies cryptocurrencies as “a medium of exchanging goods” and digital tokens as “rights to participate in an investment, or to receive specific goods”. It even amended its tax regulations to include the taxation of cryptocurrency firms. For instance, firms raising funds through Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) will be taxed 15% on their income while others undertaking Initial Public Offering are not. The two laws went effective as of 14 May 2018 and set the standard for other countries delving into the blockchain industry. Now, at the time of writing, the Thai securities and exchange commission (SEC) has granted four operating licenses to applications from blockchain-based businesses applying for licenses to conduct local operations. The four applicants who were successfully awarded a license are: Bitcoin Exchange Co., Ltd., Bitkub Online Co., Ltd., Satang Corporation, and Coins TH Co., Ltd. The former three are digital asset exchanges, while the latter is a cryptocurrency brokerage. That being said, Thailand’s friendliness towards the crypto trade is not to be mistaken with leniency or a laxation in security measures. While the above four were granted operating licenses, two other applications from Cash2coin and Southeast Asia Digital Exchange Co. (SEADEX) were rejected, having failed to meet the required criteria set out by the SEC.Thailand’s intention to retain a tight grip on the cryptocurrency industry is a smart move on the country’s part as news of cryptocurrency scams continue to flood the market. In November last year, Thai regulators even released their own web-based platform to host potential ICOs, ensuring the country is kept up with the latest projects in the cryptocurrency industry. The reason behind this scrutiny has been speculated by some to be Thailand’s way of conducting research and accumulating data in order to release a national cryptocurrency in time. Indonesia https://preview.redd.it/3rcbwzdg4wf21.png?width=255&format=png&auto=webp&s=e11280d3c40e746f00c711fcffaf5b20d8c3d6bf In late 2017, the central bank of Indonesia, Bank Indonesia declared cryptocurrency to be illegal in the country under the Law No. 7/2011 and penned the BI Regulation, stating all financial transactions had to be conducted in the Indonesia rupiah. Yet, despite the bank’s firm opposition against these digital fledglings, it is clear to the world that the Indonesia government does not share its skepticism. On 3 June 2018, Beppebti, the Indonesian Trade Ministry’s Futures Exchange Supervisory Boards legalised cryptocurrencies as commodities in the country in spite of the central bank’s disapproval, making cryptocurrency trade legal in the eyes of the government. In fact, Indonesia Digital Asset Exchange (INDODAX) — the largest Indonesian cryptocurrency exchange — announced in March 2018 that the number of users on its platform had surpassed that of the Indonesia Stock Exchange. While the bank remains vehement in its denial of cryptocurrency, the local citizens have embraced it. Indonesian media company Coinvestasi has organised the Indonesia Cryptocurrency Festival 2019 that is currently in the midst of its tour across various cities, sparking the conversation about cryptocurrency nationwide. https://preview.redd.it/92qi1z1i4wf21.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=583350528eff7c96fb57a6da0f431641d2025cbe Roadshow Timeline of Coinfest Indonesia 2019 Unfortunately, due to the nation’s vague stance, the local Bitcoin market holds less than one percent of the global cryptocurrency market, with only two Indonesia Bitcoin exchanges available for Bitcoin purchases at a fixed rate. Malaysia https://preview.redd.it/o1xquxnk4wf21.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=afd89d4a5f8757b7fe3fc5e5a01a403a50f88368 2019 brings new beginnings and new regulations for digital asset offerings in Malaysia. Based on a notice from Malaysia’s Securities Commission (SC), the Capital Markets and Services (Prescription of Securities) (Digital Currency and Digital Token) Order 2019 has been enacted since Jan. 15.The Order meant that token offerings and exchanges are required to seek approval from SC before operations can begin. However, despite Malaysia’s strict clampdown on ICOs, it appears that the country is not adverse to digital assets after all. Finance Minister Lim Guan Eng stated: “In particular, we believe digital assets have a role to play as an alternative fundraising avenue for entrepreneurs and new businesses, and an alternate asset class for investors.”In December last year, the SC and Malaysia’s central bank, Bank Negara Malaysia, jointly released a statement explaining that the purpose of these new regulations was to make digital assets “within the remit of securities laws to promote fair and orderly trading and ensure investor protection.” Singapore https://preview.redd.it/70k0qgbm4wf21.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=04b87cc9e3bb3301c8bdf02db3cf3eb8347d4876 Singapore has always embraced the potential of digital assets and its ability to transform the future. In November 2017, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) released the Payment Services Bill (PSB) in the Singaporean Parliament. In essence, the Bill subjected digital currency to the same laws regulating domestic and international money transfers, and foreign exchange transactions. The MAS also released a set of guidelines for parties interested titled “A guide to digital token offerings”. The document listed on their website contained general advice on application procedures and rules for companies to be legally qualified in offering and issuing digital tokens in Singapore. When confronted with security breaches in major cryptocurrency exchanges, MAS updated their Bill in January 2019 to safeguard the interests of cryptocurrency investors. The Bill proposes to implement a dual-track regulatory guideline for both major and smaller financial institutions respectively. In summary… While countries like Philippines, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and especially Singapore embrace the future of cryptocurrency, other ASEAN countries continue to sit on the fence regarding digital currency. Vietnam remains undecided, as evident from the confusing debates wranged out amongst authorities and the ban on crypto trading despite possession of digital assets being legal. Laos approaches digital currencies with caution and Cambodia has ironically forbade finance firms from cryptocurrency transactions while creating its own national cryptocurrency. Other countries like Myanmar and Brunei continue to distance themselves from the world of digital assets and remain vague on their policies and governance. Despite the uncertainty, however, ASEAN is clearly becoming an important market for traders of digital assets. As digital assets continue to gain prominence within the region, what better way to jump into the crypto market than with 1SG, a fiat-backed stablecoin pegged to Singapore’s own fiat currency, the Singapore Dollar? About 1SG:1SG is a stable coin, issued by the Mars Blockchain Group which overcomes the problems of today’s cryptocurrencies, while providing open, transparent, efficient KYC/AML process. With the key features of stable value and high liquidity, Mars Blockchain is a start-up committed to becoming a leading stable coin in global cryptocurrency market. 1SG circumvents the volatility of other major cryptocurrencies by maintaining a fixed peg to $1 SGD through financial markets.For more details, check outwww.1.sgTo trade 1SG now, head over to these exchange platforms:P2PB2B: https://p2pb2b.io/BitMart: https://www.bitmart.com/TOP.ONE: https://top.one/indexKryptono: https://kryptono.exchange/k/homeOEX: https://www.oex.com/indexFor more information on 1SG, keep up with its following social media:Telegram: https://t.me/SGoneReddit: https://www.reddit.com/use1-SG/Twitter: https://twitter.com/1SG_2018Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/1sg_sg/YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_p_8y1geOe0lmB4F3i6Fpg
Beware the details - a n00b's story selling XLM for the first time
My wife recently happened on an old Stellar wallet she'd signed up for years ago, after being reminded of it by my recent chatter about Bitcoin. As it turned out it was worth a not-insignificant amount of money, especially over these last few days of extreme highs. She asked me to figure out how to pull a couple hundred bucks worth out, to help finance a Christmas item. Never having done much beyond Coinbase/GDAX (and a local Bitcoin ATM that, in hindsight, ripped me off with poor rates), I came here and started clicking through the exchanges in the sidebar, looking for a marketplace that would allow me to sell some of her XLM without being totally eaten alive by fees in the process. I immediately ruled out all the ones written in Korean, plus the one that said "Indonesia" in the name. Kraken sounded cool but had uptime problems, CoinSwitch looked awesome until I realized she'd have to sell more XLM than she wanted to to meet the one minimum trade available through that platform, and the others sort of seemed to blend into each other as I compared commission rates. I eventually settled on Exrates and got her all signed up and Lumens moved in (which was fast and easy, yay!). What I didn't realize until I went to place a trade was how thin their market actually is. Trades happened every 12 minutes or so for XLM/BTC (and, I later saw, XLM/USD), and after the first cycle through I saw what looked like trades at the price I'd put in an order for, but no fill of the order. Figuring that Stellar was just super obscure and that was the nature of the market, I let it sit, and sure enough, the order filled overnight, in three separate transactions. Looking to sell the Bitcoins for cash, I saw that their BTC/USD markets are nearly as thin - trades happening once or twice a minute, instead of potentially hundreds per second like I see on GDAX. Feeling uncomfortable about filling that order properly, I transferred the BTC to my Coinbase account - and realized in the process that there's a 0.0015 BTC minimum withdrawal fee (it actually came out to a total of 0.00152181 BTC to get the money out). Feeling sketchy about the whole thing, and given that I'm up hundreds of dollars on my own BTC trading, I decided to eat the fee and am wiping my hands of ever doing any business with those guys again. IMHO the whole thing reinforces the negative attitude a lot of people have towards cryptocurrencies - they're hard to work with and you'll get taken coming and going if you don't know what you're doing. I like to think of myself as a moderately educated investor, who was trying to do his due diligence, and I still ended up getting screwed here. Communities like this could really benefit from posting more of their collective wisdom for the n00bs. I get it about endorsing one exchange over another, but a stickied post writing up pros and cons of different exchanges and things to watch out for would be great. EDIT: Looks like the fees were more the nature of BTC being a mess right now than the specific exchange in question here. I still think the Exrates marketplace is too thin for my comfort level, but it's not fair to blame them for high BTC transfer fees.
ada yg pernah pake debit card bitcoin? fisik maupun virtual
ada yg pernah pake debit card bitcoin? fisik maupun virtual? seperti cryptopay, uquid dll. http://www.bestbitcoincard.com/ sekarang harga bitcoin udah $4500, mau foya-foya dikit..😁 tapi bingung uanginnya. pengen yang anonymous kalo bisa. ada yang pernah pakai di indonesia? baik yg fisik (lumayan bisa narik di atm, bisa stay anonymous) atau cuma virtualnya (Buat beli online) atau ada metoda lain?
https://preview.redd.it/vjkat08grrp11.png?width=1360&format=png&auto=webp&s=8b1756d828ef29c62fcd3dd18101c58f4d77acb8 There’s a race going on in Asia. Korea, Thailand, and the Philippines are each trying to build the “Crypto Valley of Asia” within their own borders, and other countries in Asia Pacific will no doubt soon enter the fray with their own sponsored cities. The goal of these countries is ambitious. Crypto Valley is supposed to be to crypto what Silicon Valley is to tech: The very best companies in the cryptocurrency space are supposed to congregate there, do business with one another, and elevate one another through both collaboration and competition. This thinking is sound. Even if the technologies we use are decentralized, it is still ideal for the cryptocurrency industry to be centralized to a particular city. Being able to have face-to-face meetings, work in-person, and even get the serendipitous encounters that happen regularly in Silicon Valley is crucial. The foundation of any company, even one on the bleeding edge of technology, is people. While the impetus to build a Crypto Valley here in Asia is a blessing to the industry, I would encourage the public and private leaders responsible for these initiatives to be even more ambitious. Try to look at it this way: What would a successful Crypto Valley in Asia look like? In the very best scenario, it would have the regional offices of the top crypto companies from the west, along with branches from some homegrown companies. At the very beginning, this might amount to a few dozen companies. The companies would create high value jobs for the local economy, patronize small businesses already in the area, and pump money back into the city via taxes. As these benefits would largely be confined to the host city of each country’s Crypto Valley, I think the country’s economic leaders can think even bigger. Just what can the public and private leaders in these countries realistically aim for that’s even greater than a Crypto Valley? I have two words for them: crypto tourism. Right now, the phrase has a very specific connotation, referring usually to traditional tourist getaways, like resorts, that you can pay with cryptocurrency; trips with crypto high-rollers (i.e. people who struck it rich betting on the right digital currency); or in some cases both. Some of the companies in this crypto tourism space include Airbnb-like CryptoCribs and BlockChain Cruise. But crypto tourism can be so much more, as some countries, like Switzerland, are also starting to realize. The best analogy is not Silicon Valley, but Hollywood. At the most immediate level, Hollywood is a hub, a collection of talent across acting, directing, editing, special effects, and other aspects of production unrivaled anywhere else in the world. But Hollywood is also an ideal, and it’s why so many people from all over the world flock to see the Hollywood sign, the walk of fame, and other landmarks in the area: They want to experience the place where dreams are made. The countries gunning after the Crypto Valley of Asia should aim for something similar: They should try to attract domestic and international tourists with the promise of the future. Doing so will expand their reach from a handful of cryptocurrency entrepreneurs and professionals to anyone with a passing interest in what the world will bring, which is to say everyone. Attracting the wider public will hinge on the successful implementation of cryptocurrency tech across these hubs. It must be omnipresent. Fortunately, there are some notable tech companies in Asia whose products can populate a tourist-friendly Crypto Valley. To begin, the Crypto Valleys can deploy Bitcoin ATMs courtesy of Bitcoin Exchange from Singapore, along with machines from other providers that dispense other currencies, much in the same way that every city is filled with normal ATMs from multiple banks. The feeling they would give is one of ubiquity: You can get any cryptocurrency everywhere you turn. Crypto Valleys must of course also give you a place to spend your crypto. Pundi X from Indonesia gives us a handy solution in this regard: Their Pundi XPOS devices are already being rolled out in different parts of the world, and enable anyone to transact with crypto using the Pundi XPASS card. While the company has deployed their tech at diverse locations, including the FAMA Group in Hong Kong and Ultra Taiwan 2018, the most striking deployment could be at a Crypto Valley. Imagine walking up to a street vendor or entering any small business in the area and being able to pay using crypto via a Pundi XPOS. The juxtaposition between cutting-edge technology and its adoption by everyone in the area is a tourist destination in of itself: You’re parachuting straight into the future. I share what a tourist-friendly Crypto Valley might look like as a challenge to the public and private leaders currently building these hubs across Asia. Getting top crypto companies to locate their offices there is a great start, but we can do so much more. We can use them as a living example on how cryptocurrency will shape the world. This idea is one that I’m sure will draw people from all corners of the globe to see. Full: http://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2018/10/02/aiming-higher-than-the-crypto-valley-of-asia.html
Numerous Countries Have Made Bitcoin (BTC) Illegal Even Though It’s Impossible to Ban Bitcoin
https://preview.redd.it/rx609t11ezf21.png?width=690&format=png&auto=webp&s=5421b72a809cfa286557b1831bfa4759753ab268 https://cryptoiq.co/numerous-countries-have-made-bitcoin-btc-illegal-even-though-its-impossible-to-ban-bitcoin/ Bitcoin is secure, decentralized, and can be anonymous when users take the proper precautions. These characteristics make Bitcoin resilient in the face of government bans, but that doesn’t mean governments have given up on trying to ban Bitcoin or at least rein in the technology. Here, we present a rundown of how various countries regulate — or fail to regulate — Bitcoin. According to a Wikipedia page on the legality of Bitcoin (BTC) in various countries, along with Bitcoin Market Journal and Coin Dance, Bitcoin is banned to varying degrees in Algeria, Afghanistan, Egypt, Macedonia, Morocco, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iran, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, China, Taiwan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Nigeria, Thailand, Vietnam, Zimbabwe, and Brunei. In some of these countries — Algeria, Egypt, Bolivia, Ecuador, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Pakistan, Morocco, and Nepal — Bitcoin is absolutely banned and cannot be held or transacted. In India, Jordan, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, and Iran, banks are forbidden from facilitating Bitcoin transactions, but it is still possible to hold and trade Bitcoin peer to peer. Other countries like Colombia, Taiwan, and Saudi Arabia have said there is no legal recourse for those who deal with Bitcoin and lose money, and these governments urge citizens to avoid Bitcoin. China has effectively banned fiat to Bitcoin trading, but most of Bitcoin’s hash power is in China, making the situation unclear. Banning Bitcoin is like trying to ban mosquitoes. In Florida, during the rainy season, there is something called mosquito patrol which drops poison on mosquitos from airplanes. The mosquitos have evolved to be resistant to the poison, and no amount of poison can get rid of the mosquitos. Likewise, several countries around the world have banned Bitcoin to varying degrees, and they have deployed various law enforcement measures and banking regulations to inhibit the use of Bitcoin. However, Bitcoin users in such places have become resistant to censorship by using IP switching technology like VPNs and Tor, changing their Bitcoin address with every transaction, and creating underground peer to peer Bitcoin dealing networks instead of using exchanges. Stealth cryptocurrencies like Monero (XMR) and Dash (DASH) can also be used to enhance anonymity in places where cryptocurrency is illegal. In 2014 Ecuador created a national cryptocurrency and banned all other cryptocurrencies. The national cryptocurrency of Ecuador failed, however, and Bitcoin use has been increasing across the country despite the law. Further, there are active Bitcoin nodes in Ecuador. Additionally, as of this writing, there are active Bitcoin nodes in Bolivia, Colombia, Vietnam, Taiwan, China, Iran, Indonesia, Cambodia, Thailand, and India. The presence of active nodes in these countries is a testament to Bitcoin’s decentralized nature. Bitcoin can be run on any computer in the world, and the software works regardless of the law. With proper IP encryption via VPN or Tor, there would be no way for the governments of these nations to know that a citizen is running Bitcoin. In Africa, Bitcoin has been declared illegal in Algeria, Egypt, and Morocco. Despite this, there is clearly Bitcoin trading in Egypt and Morocco, according to data from Localbitcoins. Other countries that have varying degrees of Bitcoin bans but still have active peer to peer Bitcoin trading on Localbitcoins include China, Colombia, India, Iran, Indonesia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Nigeria, and Vietnam. In several of these countries peer to peer Bitcoin trading is perfectly legal. However, the fact that there is peer to peer Bitcoin trading in countries where Bitcoin is completely banned like Pakistan shows that it is nearly impossible to stop peer to peer Bitcoin trading.
Authored by Valentin Schmid via The Epoch Times, While the price of bitcoin drops, miners get more creative... and some flourish. The bitcoin price is crashing; naysayers and doomsayers are having a field day. The demise of the dominant cryptocurrency is finally happening — or is it? Bitcoin has been buried hundreds of times, most notably during the brutal 90 percent decline from 2013 to 2015. And yet it has always made a comeback. Where the skeptics are correct: The second bitcoin bubble burst in December of last year and the price is down roughly 80 percent from its high of $20,000. Nobody knows whether and when it will see these lofty heights again. As a result, millions of speculators have been burned, and big institutions haven’t showed up to bridge the gap. This also happened on a smaller scale in 2013 after a similar 100x run-up, and it was necessary.
Time to Catch Up
What most speculators and even some serious proponents of the independent and decentralized monetary system don’t understand: Bitcoin needs these pauses to make improvements in its infrastructure. Exchanges, which could not handle the trading volumes at the height of the frenzy and did not return customer service inquiries, can take a breather and upgrade their systems and hire capable people. The technology itself needs to make progress and this needs time. Projects like the lightning network, a system which delivers instant bitcoin payments at very little cost and at virtually unlimited scale is now only available to expert programmers. A higher valuation is only justified if these improvements reach the mass market. And since we live in a world where everything financial is tightly regulated, for better or worse, this area also needs to catch up, since regulators are chronically behind the curve of technological progress. And of course, there is bitcoin mining. The vital infrastructure behind securing the bitcoin network and processing its transactions has been concentrated in too few hands and in too few places, most notably China, which still hosts about 70 percent of the mining capacity.
The Case For Mining
Critics have always complained that bitcoin mining consumes “too much” electricity, right now about as much as the Czech Republic. In energy terms this is around 65 terawatt hours or 230,000,000 gigajoules, costing $3.3 billion dollars according to estimates by Digiconomist. For the non-physicists among us, this is around as much as consumed by six million energy-guzzling U.S. households per year. All those estimates are imprecise because the aggregate cannot know how much energy each of the different bitcoin miners consumes and how much that electricity costs. But they are a reasonable rough estimate. So it’s worth exploring why mining is necessary to begin with and whether the electricity consumption is justified. Anything and everything humans do consumes resources. The question then is always: Is it worth it? And: Who decides? This question then leads to the next question: Is it worth having and using money? Most people would argue yes, because using money instead of barter in fact makes economic transactions faster and cheaper and thus saves resources, natural and human. _Merchants exchange goods with the inhabitants of Tidore, Indonesia, circa 1550. Barter was supplanted by using money because it is more efficient. (Archive/Getty Images)_If we are generously inclined, we will grant bitcoin the status of a type of money or at least currency as it meets the general requirements of being recognizable, divisible, portable, durable, is accepted in exchange for other goods and services, and in this case it is even limited in supply. So having any type of money has a price, whether it’s gold, dollar bills, or numbers on the screen of your online banking system. In the case of bitcoin, it’s the electricity and the capital for the computing equipment, as well as the human resources to run these operations. If we think having money in general is a good idea and some people value the decentralized and independent nature of bitcoin then it would be worth paying for verifying transactions on the bitcoin network as well as keeping the network secure and sound: Up until the point where the resources consumed would outweigh the efficiency benefits. Just like most people don’t think it’s a bad idea to use credit cards and banks, which consume electricity too. However, bitcoin is a newcomer and this is why it’s being scrutinized even more so than the old established players.
Different Money, Different Costs
How many people know how much electricity, human lives, and other resources gold mining consumes or has consumed in the course of history? What about the banking system? Branches, servers, air-conditioning, staff? What about printing dollar notes and driving them around in armored trucks? What about the social effects of monetary mismanagement of bank and government money like inflation as well as credit deflations? Gold gets a pass here. Most people haven’t asked that question, which is why it’s worth pointing out the only comprehensive study done on the topic in 2014. In “An Order of Magnitude” the engineer Hass McCook analyzes the different money systems and reaches mind-boggling conclusions. The study is a bit dated and of course the aggregations are also very rough estimates, but the ball park numbers are reasonable and the methodology sound. In fact, according to the study, bitcoin is the most economic of all the different forms of money. Gold mining in 2014 used 475 million GJ, compared to bitcoin’s 230 million in 2018. The banking system in 2014 used 2.3 billion gigajoules. Over 100 people per year die trying to mine gold. But mining costs more than electricity. It consumes around 300,000 liters of water per kilogram of gold mined as well as 150 kilogram (330 pounds) of cyanide and 1500 tons of waste and rubble. The international banking system has been used in all kinds of fraudulent activity throughout history: terrorist financing, money laundering, and every other criminal activity under the sun at a cost of trillions of dollars and at an order of magnitude higher than the same transactions done with cryptocurrency and bitcoin. And of course, while gold has a relatively stable value over time, our bank and government issued money lost about 90 percent of its purchasing power over the last century, because it can be created out of thin air. This leads to inflation and a waste of physical and human resources because it distorts the process of capital allocation. _The dollar has lost more than 90 percent of its value since the creation of the Federal Reserve in 1913. (Source: St. Louis Fed)_This is on top of the hundreds of thousands of bank branches, millions of ATMs and employees which all consume electricity and other resources, 10 times as much electricity alone as the bitcoin network. According to monetary philosopher Saifedean Ammous, author of “The Bitcoin Standard,” the social benefit of hard money, i.e. money that can’t be printed by government decree, cannot even be fathomed; conversely, the true costs of easy money—created by government fiat and bank credit—are difficult to calculate. According to Ammous, bitcoin is the hardest money around, even harder than gold because its total supply is capped, whereas the gold supply keeps increasing at about 1-2 percent every year. “Look at the era of the classical gold standard, from 1871, the end of the Franco–Prussian War, until the beginning of World War I. There’s a reason why this is known as the Golden Era, the Gilded Age, and La Belle Epoque. It was a time of unrivaled human flourishing all over the world. Economic growth was everywhere. Technology was being spread all over the world. Peace and prosperity were increasing everywhere around the world. Technological innovations were advancing. “I think this is no coincidence. What the gold standard allowed people to do is to have a store of value that would maintain its value in the future. And that gave people a low time preference, that gave people the incentive to think of the long term, and that made people want to invest in things that would pay off over the long term … bitcoin is far closer to gold. It is a digital equivalent of gold,” he said in an interview with The Epoch Times. Of course, contrary to the gold standard that Ammous talks about, bitcoin doesn’t have a track record of being sound money in practice. In theory it meets all the criteria, but in the real world it hasn’t been adopted widely and has been so volatile as to be unusable as a reliable store of value or as the underlying currency of a productive lending market. The proponents argue that over time, these problems will be solved the same way gold spread itself throughout the monetary sphere replacing copper and seashells, but even Ammous concedes the process may take decades and the outcome is far from certain. Gold is the safe bet for sound money, bitcoin has potential. There is another measure where bitcoin loses out, according to a recent study by researchers from the Oak Ridge Institute in Cincinnati, Ohio. It is the amount of energy expended per dollar for different monetary instruments. One dollar worth of bitcoin costs 17 megajoules to mine versus five for gold and seven for platinum. But the study omits the use of cyanide, water, and other physical resources in mining physical metals. In general, the comparisons in dollar terms go against bitcoin because it is worth relatively less, only $73 billion in total at the time of writing. An issue that could be easily fixed at a higher price, but a higher price is only justified if the infrastructure improves, adoption increases, volatility declines, and the network proves its resilience to attacks over time. In the meantime, market participants still value the fact they can own a currency independent of the government, completely digital, easily fungible, and limited in supply, and relatively decentralized. And the market as a whole is willing to pay a premium for these factors reflected in the higher per dollar prices for mining bitcoin.
The Creativity of Bitcoin Mining
But where bitcoin mining lacks in scale, it makes up for it in creativity. In theory—and in practice—bitcoin mining can be done anywhere where there is cheap electricity. So bitcoin mining operations can be conducted not where people are (banking) or where government is (fiat cash) or where gold is (gold mining)—it can be done everywhere where there is cheap electricity Some miners are flocking to the heat of the Texan desert where gas is virtually available for free, thanks to another oil revolution. Other miners go to places where there is cheap wind, water, or other renewable energy. This is because they don’t have to build bank branches, printing presses, and government buildings, or need to put up excavators and conveyor belts to dig gold out of the ground. All they need is internet access and a home for the computers that look like a shipping container, each one of which has around 200 specialized bitcoin mining computers in them. “The good thing about bitcoin mining is that it doesn’t matter where on earth a transaction happens, we can verify it in our data center here. The miners are part of the decentralized philosophy of bitcoin, it’s completely independent of your location as well,” said Moritz Jäger, chief technology officer at bitcoin Mining company Northern Bitcoin AG.
But so far, this decentralization hasn’t worked out as well as it sounds in theory. Because Chinese local governments had access to subsidized electricity, it was profitable for officials to cut deals with bitcoin mining companies and supply them with cheap electricity in exchange for jobs and cutbacks. Sometimes the prices were as low as 2 dollar cents to 4 dollar cents per kilowatt hour. This is why the majority of bitcoin mining is still concentrated in China (around 70 percent) where it was the most profitable, but only because the Chinese central planners subsidized the price of electricity. This set up led to the by and large unwanted result that the biggest miner of bitcoin, a company called Bitmain, is also the biggest manufacturer of specialized computing equipment for bitcoin mining. The company reported revenues of $2.8 billion for the first half of 2018. Tourists walk on the dunes near a power plant in Xiangshawan Desert in Ordos of Inner Mongolia, in this file photo. bitcoin miners have enjoyed favorable electricity rates in places like Ordos for a long time. (Feng Li/Getty Images)Centralized mining is a problem because whenever there is one player or a conglomerate of players who control more than 50 percent of the network computing power, they could theoretically crash the network by spending the same bitcoin twice, the so called “double spending problem.“ They don’t have an incentive to do so because it would probably ruin the bitcoin price and their business, but it’s better not to have to rely on one group of people controlling an entire money system. After all, we have that exact same system with central banking and bitcoin was set up as a decentralized alternative. So far, no player or conglomerate ever reached that 51 percent threshold, at least not since bitcoin’s very early days, but many market participants always thought Bitmain’s corner of the market is a bit too close for comfort. This favorable environment for Chinese bitcoin mining has been changing with a crack down on local government electricity largess as well as a crackdown on cryptocurrency. Bitcoin itself and mining bitcoin remain legal in China but cryptocurrency exchanges have been banned since late 2017. But more needs to be done for bitcoin to become independent of the caprice of a centralized oppressive regime and local government bureaucrats.
Northern Bitcoin Case Study
Enter Northern Bitcoin AG. The company isn’t the only one which is exploring mining opportunities with renewable energies in locations other than China. But it is special because of the extraordinary set up it has for its operations, the fact that it is listed on the stock exchange in Germany, and the opportunities for scaling it discovered. The operations of Northern Bitcoin combine the beauties of bitcoin and capitalism in one. Like Texas has a lot of oil and free gas and it makes sense to use the gas rather than burn it, Norway has a lot of water, especially water moving down the mountains due to rainfall and melting snow. And it makes sense to use the power of the movement of the water, channel it through pipes into generators to create very cheap and almost unlimited electricity. Norway generates north of 95 percent of its total electricity from hydropower. A waterfall next to a hydropowerplant near Sandane, Norway, Oct. 25, 2018. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)Capitalism does not distinguish between renewable and fossil. It uses what is the most expedient. In this case, it is clearly water in Norway, and gas in Texas. As a side note on the beauties of real capital and the fact that capital and the environment need not be enemies, the water in one of the hydropowerplants close to the Northern Bitcoin facility is piped through a generator made in 1920 by J.M. Voith AG, a company from Heidenheim Germany. The company was established in 1867 and is still around today. The generator was produced in 1920 and is still producing electricity today.
In the remote regions of Northern Norway, there aren’t that many people or industry who would use the electricity. And rather than transport it over hundreds of miles to the industrial centers of Europe, the industries of the future are moving to Norway to the source of the cheap electricity. Of course, it is not just bitcoin mining, but other data and computing heavy operations like server farms for cloud computing that can be neatly packaged into one of those containers and shipped up north. “The containers are beautiful. They are produced in the middle of Germany where the hardware is enabled and tested. Then we put it on a truck and send it up here. When the truck arrives on the outside we lift it on the container vehicle. Two hours after the container arrives, it’s in the container rack. And 40 hours later we enable the cooling, network, power, other systems, and it’s online,” said Mats Andersson, a spokesman for the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway, where Northern Bitcoin has its operations. Plug and play. A Northern Bitcoin data container inside the Lefdal Mine data center, in Måløy, Norway. (Northern Bitcoin)If the cheap electricity wasn’t enough—around 5 cents per kilowatt hour compared to 17 cents in Germany—Norway also provides the perfect storage for these data containers, which are normally racked up in open air parks above the ground. Also here, the resource allocation is beautiful. Instead of occupying otherwise useful and beautiful parcels of land and nature, the Northern Bitcoin containers and others are stored in the old Lefdal olivine mine. Olivine is a mineral used for steel production and looks green. Very fitting. Hence also the name of the data center: Lefdal Mine. “We take the green mineral out and we take the green IT in,” said Andersson.
Using the old mine as storage for the data center makes the whole process even more resource efficient. Why? So far, we’ve only been talking about bitcoin mining using a lot of energy. But what for? Before you have actually seen the process in action—and it is similar for other computing operations—you cannot imagine how bizarre it is. Most of the electricity is used to prevent the computers from overheating. So it’s not even the processors themselves; it’s the fans which cool the computer that use the most juice. This is where the mine helps, because it’s rather cool 160 meters (525 feet) below sea level; certainly cooler than in the Texas desert. But it gets even better. On top of the air blow-cooling the computer, the Lefdal data center uses a fresh water system to pump through the containers in pipes. The fans can then circulate air over the cool pipes which transfer the heat to the water. One can feel the difference when touching the different pipes. The fresh water closed circle loop then completes the “green” or resource efficiency cycle by transferring its heat to ice cold water from the nearby Fjord. The water is sucked in through a pipe from the Fjord, the heat gets transferred without the water being mixed, and the water flows back to the Fjord, without any impact on the environment. To top it all off, the mine has natural physical security far better than open air data centers and is even protected from an electromagnetic pulse blast because it’s underground.
_The Nordfjord near Måløy, Norway. The Lefdal data center takes the cold water from the fjord and uses it to cool the computer inside the mine. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)_Company Dynamics
Given this superlative set up, Northern Bitcoin wants to ramp up production as fast as possible at the Lefdal mine and other similar places in Norway, which have more mountains where data centers can be housed. At the moment, Northern Bitcoin has 15 containers with 210 mining machines each. The 15 containers produce around 5 bitcoin per day at a total cost of around $2,500 dollars at the end of November 2018 and after the difficulty of solving the math problems went down by ~17 percent. Most of it is for electricity; the rest is for leasing the containers, renting the mine space, buying and writing off the mining computers, personnel, overhead, etc. Even at the current relatively depressed prices of around $4000, that’s a profit of $1500 per bitcoin or $7,500 per day. But the goal is to ramp it up to 280 containers until 2019, producing 100 bitcoin per day. Again, the company is in the sweet spot to do this. As opposed to the beginning of the year when one could not procure a mining computer from Bitmain even if one’s life depended on it, the current bear market has made them cheap and relatively available both new and second had from miners who had to cease operations because they can’t produce at low bitcoin prices. Northern Bitcoin containers inside the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway. (Northern Bitcoin)What about the data shipping containers? They are manufactured by a company called Rittal who is the world market leader. So it helps that the owner of Rittal also owns 30 percent of the Lefdal mine, providing preferential access to the containers. Northern Bitcoin said it has enough capital available for the intermediate goal of ramping up to 50 containers until the end of year but may tap the capital markets again for the next step. The company can also take advantage of the lower German corporate tax rate because revenue is only recorded when the bitcoin are sold in Germany, not when they are mined in Norway. Of course, every small-cap stock—especially bitcoin companies—have their peculiarities and very high risks. As an example, Northern Bitcoin’s financial statements, although public, aren’t audited. The equipment in the Lefdal mine in Norway is real and the operations are controlled by the Lefdal personnel, but one has to rely on exclusive information from the company for financials and cost figures, so buyer beware.
Northern Bitcoin wants to have 280 containers, representing around 5 percent of the network’s computing power. But the Lefdal mine alone has a capacity to power and cool 1,500 containers in a 200 megawatt facility, once it is fully built out. “Here you have all the space, power, and cooling that you need. … Here you can grow,” said Lefdal’s Andersson. A mine shaft in the Lefdal Mine data center in Måløy, Norway. The whole mine will have a capacity for 1500 containers once fully built out. (Valentin Schmid/The Epoch Times)The Norwegian government was behind an initiative to bring computing power to Norway and make it one of the prime destinations for data centers at the beginning of this decade. To that effect, the local governments own part of the utility companies which operate the power plants and own part of the Lefdal Mine and other locations. But even without notable subsidies (i.e. cash payments to companies), market players were able to figure it out, for everybody’s benefit. The utilities win because they can sell their cheap electricity close to home. The computing companies like IBM and Northern Bitcoin win because they can get cheap electricity, storage, and security. Data center operators like Lefdal win because they can charge rent for otherwise unused and unneeded space. However, in a recent about face, the central government in Oslo has decided to remove cryptocurrency miners from the list of companies which pay a preferential tax rate on electricity consumption. Normally, energy intensive companies, including data centers, pay a preferential tax on electricity consumed of 0.48 øre ($0.00056 ). According to a report by Norwegian media Aftenposten, this tax will rise to 16.58 øre ($0.019) in 2019 for cryptocurrency miners exclusively. The argument by left wing politician Lars Haltbrekken who sponsored the initiative: “Norway cannot continue to provide huge tax incentives for the most dirty form of cryptocurrency output […] [bitcoin] requires a lot of energy and generates large greenhouse gas emissions globally.” Since Norway generates its electricity using hydro, precisely the opposite is true: No greenhouse gas emissions, or any emissions for that matter would be produced, if all cryptomining was done in Norway. As opposed to China, where mining is done with coal and with emissions. But not only in Norway is the share of renewable and emission free energy high. According to research by Coinshares, Bitcoin’s consumes about 77.6 percent of its energy in the form of renewables globally. However self-defeating the arguments against bitcoin mining in Norway, the political initiative is moving forward. What it means for Northern Bitcoin is not clear, as they house their containers in Lefdal’s mixed data center, which also has other clients, like IBM. “It’s not really decided yet; there are still big efforts from IT sectors and parties who are trying to change it. If the decision is taken it might apply for pure crypto sites rather than mixed data centers, like ours,” said Lefdal’s Andersson. Even in the worst-case scenario, it would mean an increase from ~5 cents to ~6.9 cents per kilowatt hour, or 30 percent more paid on the electricity by Northern Bitcoin, which at ~$3250 would still rank it among the most competitive producers in the world. Coinshares estimates the average production price at $6,800 per Bitcoin at $0,05 per kilowatt hour of electricity and an 18-months depreciation schedule, but concedes that a profitable miner could “[depreciate] mining gear over 24-30 months, or [pay] less for mining gear than our estimates.” Jäger says Northern Bitcoin depreciates the equipment over three years and has obtained very favorable prices from Bitmain, making its production much more competitive than the average despite the same cost of electricity. In addition, the natural cooling in the mine also reduces electricity costs overall.
Cheap Producer Advantage
At the moment, however, the tax could be the least of any miners worry, as the bitcoin price is in free-fall. But what happens when the price crashes further? Suffice it to say that there was bitcoin mining when the dollar price was less than 1 cent and there will be bitcoin mining at lower prices thanks to the design of the network. Mao Shixing, the founder of mining pool F2pool estimated 600,000 miners have shut down since the November crash in price, according to a report by Coindesk. As it should be in a competitive system, the most energy intensive and obsolete machines are shut down first. As with every other commodity, when the price drops, some miners will leave the market, leaving space for cheaper competitors to capture a bigger share. But with bitcoin this is a bit simpler than with copper or gold for example. When a big copper player goes bankrupt, its competitors have to ramp up production and increase cost to increase their market share. With bitcoin, if 3,000 computers get taken off the total mining pool, they won’t be able to mine the approximately 5 bitcoin any longer. However, because the difficulty of solving the computationally intensive cryptographic tasks of bitcoin decreases automatically when there are fewer computers engaged in the task, the other players just have to leave their machines running at the same rate for the same cost and they will split the 5 bitcoin among them. “The moment the price goes down, our production price will go down as well,” said Jäger, a process that already happened from November to December when the difficulty decreased twice in November and the beginning of December. This naturally favors players like Northern Bitcoin, which are producing at the lower end of the cost spectrum. They will be the ones who shut down last. And this is a good thing. The more companies like Northern Bitcoin, and countries like Norway—even with the extra tax—the more decentralized the bitcoin system. The more computers there are in different hands mining bitcoin, the more secure the system becomes, because it will be ever more difficult for one player to reach the 50 percent threshold to crash the system.It is this decentralized philosophy which has kept the bitcoin system running for 10 years. Whether at $1 or $20,000.
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